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Kalamazoo Regional Educational Service Agency

Celebrating 20 Years Online 1996-2016

Graphic of children's drawings

Milestones

Below please find a brief list of developmental milestones. If you feel your child is not meeting these benchmarks, please contact staff at the PrePrimary Evaluation Team.

3 Months

• lift head and chest when lying on stomach
• show vigorous body movement
• show improved head control
• recognize breast or bottle
• coo, gurgle, chuckles, babble
• cry differently for different needs
• repeat the same sounds a lot
• turn toward the speaker
• smile when spoken to
• recognize caregivers voice
• startle or cry at noises
• awaken at loud sounds
• listen to speech

6 Months

• sit with help
• roll from back to stomach
• support weight, bounce
• hold one toy and reach for another
• babble more than two sounds
• babble sounds like parent speech but not clear
• respond to name
• respond to “no”
• turn toward sound

12 Months

• pull self to stand
• step with support
• pick things up with thumb and one finger (pincer grasp)
• put one toy in another
• give toy on request
• give affection
• imitate actions in play (claps when you clap)
• use simple gestures (wave “bye bye”)
• follow simple directions with a gesture
• turn or look up when you call
• enjoy imitating sounds
• use voice to get attention
• use jargon that sounds like real speech
• say “mama” and “dada”
• say two to three words

18 Months

• engage in pretend play (pretend to talk on the phone)
• point to interesting objects
• look at an object you direct his/her attention to
• use several single words unprompted
• say 8-10 words
• put two words together (“go bye-bye”)

24 Months

• kick a large ball
• turn over container to dump contents
• turn pages of a book
• point to object or picture named
• imitate housework
• become more interested in other children
• ask for items by name
• follow simple instructions
• follow two requests (“Get the ball and put it on the table.”)
• have 10-15 words
• ask 1-2 word questions (“Where kitty?”)

36 Months

• complete a 3 to 4 piece puzzle
• play make-believe with dills, animals, and people
• imitate adults and playmates
• understand differences in meaning (“go-stop”)
• notice sounds such as dog barking, doorbell ringing
• use 4 to 6 word sentences
• use 200-300 words
• use pronouns (I, you, me, we they)
• use some plurals (cars, dogs, cats)

48 Months

• pretend to be “mom” or “dad”
• cooperate with other children 
• understand conversation
• hear when you call from another room
• speak clearly and in 5 to 6 word sentences
• follow three step commands
• ask “why” and “what” questions
• say most sounds except r, s, th, and l

60 Months

• counts ten or more objects
• says own name 
• says own address
• understand the difference between fantasy and reality
• attempt to please and be like friends
• say all sounds correctly except "s" and "th"
• use same sentence structure as other family members
Milestones adapted from information provided by the Department of Health and Human Services, American Speech and Hearing Foundation, and Early On® Michigan.
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